Manic Depression is more commonly known today as Bipolar Disorder. It is a mental health condition. Sufferers experience extreme mood swings which can last from weeks to months. They will alternate between feelings of being high and over-excited (mania) to feelings of being very low and deeply depressed. In between these two emotions, sufferers can experience stable times.
Manic episodes are characterised by a feeling of euphoria and happiness. Sufferers feel restless, are unable to concentrate properly and talk very fast. They have a lot of energy and feel they do not need as much sleep. It can lead to problems such as irresponsible spending of money, an increased sexual drive and poor judgement. They may also feel the urge to use drugs or alcohol. Sufferers sometimes experience seeing or hearing things that are not there, which are symptoms of Psychosis.
Depressive episodes are characterised by feeling emotionless, worthless and chronically fatigued. Sufferers can experience a change in appetite, as well as in sleep patterns. They may feel an overwhelming loss of interest in life which can then lead to suicidal feelings.
Manic Depression can affect anyone, but often develops between the ages of 18 and 24. There are many options for treatment such as medication, psychological treatment and working on the lifestyle of sufferers.