Expressive Language Disorder is a disorder that is generally seen in children. They find it extremely difficult to express themselves, both verbally and in writing.
Every child will display different signs, although generally the symptoms tend to be similar. The symptoms displayed include an inability to use tenses (past, present and future), problems constructing sentences to make them coherent, and difficulty in remembering words. They may miss out simple words like ‘is’ or ‘the’. They may have difficulty recalling the correct words that they want, and need to use, in a sentence so that it makes sense.
Generally although the sufferer will have below average vocabulary skills, their intelligence is not affected at all by this disorder. Many having higher than average intelligence.
With Expressive Language disorder although they have difficulty in communicating and expressing themselves in speech, they have no difficulty whatsoever in understanding speech from others – even complex sentences.
The cause of this disorder is unknown, although it is thought it could be related to a brain injury, malnutrition or that it could be hereditary. Expressive Language Disorder tends to have a higher frequency of occurring in boys as opposed to girls. As long as it is not diagnosed along with another underlying disorder, the prognosis for Expressive Language Disorder is good.